The Union Cabinet cleared the National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill on Friday. The bill has ended the era of Medical Council of India (MCI) as a medical education regulator. As per the bill, a commission comprising 25 members will replace the Medical Council of India. The NMC bill also introduces an exit examination for medical graduates. The move will make the medical education the first in India to have a single entrance exam (NEET), counseling and exit exam.
The bill also represents a shift in the present medical system according to which annual inspections will be conducted in medical colleges. Inspection teams will conduct the medical inspections on infrastructural, physical and bed patient norms. The NMC bill includes a Medical Advisory Council according to which medical colleges need permission only once during establishment.
Medical Colleges can increase seats and start PG courses
Once established, medical colleges can increase the number of seats but not more than 250. Moreover, once recognized the colleges can also start postgraduate courses. However, the medical assessment and rating board can conduct inspections in medical colleges. If any college is found violating the norms, they could be fined. The amount of fine can be half to 10 times of the fees a college charge from students.
Performance of Medical Colleges based on Students Performance
There have been various allegations about the functioning of Medical Council of India in the past years. MCI systems were accused of random inspections and that were susceptible to corruption. Technology has made it now easier to check the performance of colleges. The colleges would be rated automatically on the basis of performance of students. A similar system is already in place for the foreign medical pass outs. To be able to practice in India, they need to appear in an examination. Their performance in the examination tells about the quality of medical education in their country.
The Ex-officio member of the NMC include will have officials from AIIMS, PGI Chandigarh, JIPMER Puducherry, NEIGRIHMS Shillong and TMCH Mumbai. The Medical Advisory Council will have 64 members with one member from each state and Union Territory.